Polo is the fastest ball sport in the world in which four men or women on horses form a team trying to hit a ball with a stick towards the opponent’s goal. There are 2 goals, one at each end of a field with 300-yard-long by 160 yard wide. A game consists of 4 to 6 periods called chukkas, each lasts 7 minutes. There are usually 3 referee; of which two on ponies on the field, and a third man on the side line.
The first polo game took place in 600 B.C, between the Turkomans and Persians.
In the 4th century AD, the sport was played by the majority of Persians and in the 16th century AD, a polo ground of 300 yards long was built at Ispahan by Shah Abbas the Great. The Moguls took the game from Persia to the east, and by the 16th century, polo was played in India, China and Japan although it had died out by the time the westerner came in contact with those countries. The first polo club in the world was formed by Indian at Silchar, west of Manipur in 1862, called Calcutta Club.
In the 1850s British tea planters discovered the game in India then brought it to the UK. The first polo club in Great Britain was Monmouthshire, founded in 1872 by Capt. Francis “Tip” Herbert at Clytha Park. Others club quickly established after that.
The game had been taken by English and Irish engineers and ranchers to Argentina with the first official match in took place on 3rd September 1875. In 1876 Lt. Col. Thomas St. Quintin who introduced the game to Australia, was the “Father of Australian Polo”. He and two of his brothers stayed on there as ranchers and helped the game to develop.
In the same year, polo was introduced to the United States of America by James Gordon Bennett Jr, who watched the game at Hurlingham and quickly develop interest for it. Nowadays, over 77 countries play polo.